Contact Person
Stephan Steglich
Stefan Arbanowski
Dr.-Ing. Stephan Steglich
Business Unit FAME
Tel.: +49 30 3463-7373

Dr.-Ing. Stefan Arbanowski
Business Unit FAME
Tel.: +49 30 3463-7197

Standardization Activities


MPEG-DASH (Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP) is an international open standard, published by ISO in April 2012.

The DASH Industry Forum (DASH-IF) was formally incorporated in September 2012. Today it has 67 members spread throughout the world. DASH-IF is filled with member companies who are realists about the DASH deployment challenges. They are willing to take on the work of creating recommendations, filing bugs, and attending plug-fests and interop events, with the belief that their business and the Internet streaming market in large will benefit a great deal with convergence around DASH. The DASH-IF, representing all sectors of the streaming media ecosystem, is proactively and deterministically shaping the future and success of MPEG DASH.

”dash.js” is an open source project, launched by the DASH-IF, that serves as a reference client implementation for MPEG-DASH playback in Web browsers. FOKUS is an active contributor and supports the development of ”dash.js”, as it promotes non-proprietary browser-based MPEG-DASH players.


HbbTV (Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV) is a new industry standard providing an open and business neutral technology platform that seamlessly combines TV services delivered via broadcast with services delivered through broadband. Furthermore it enables access to Internet only services for consumers using connected TVs and set-top boxes. The founding members of the HbbTV consortium together with a large group of supporters jointly developed the HbbTV specification to create a global standard for hybrid entertainment services. Version 1.2.1 of this specification has been approved by ETSI as ETSI TS 102 796 in November 2012. Since June 16th 2014 the OIPF (Open IPTV Forum) merged their Activities with the HbbTV Association into a single organization within the legal structure of the HbbTV Association.

The HbbTV specification is based on existing standards and web technologies including OIPF (Open IPTV Forum), CEA, DVB and W3C. The standard provides the features and functionality required to deliver feature rich broadcast and internet services. Utilizing standard Internet technology it enables rapid application development. It defines minimum requirements simplifying the implementation in devices and leaving room for differentiation which limits the investment required by CE manufacturers to build compliant devices.


The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential. W3C supports the Open Standards Principles, an empowering model that improve the way people develop new technologies and innovate for humanity.

W3C follows the "Web for All" and "Web on Everything" principles: The aim of "Web for All" is to make the benefits of the Web available to all people, whatever their hardware, software, network infrastructure, native language, culture, geographical location, or physical or mental ability. "Web on Everything" goal is to increase the number of different kinds of devices that can access the Web like smart and mobile phones, interactive TVs, voice systems, kiosks, etc. The "Web Of Things" W3C activities can be also classified in the "Web on Everything" domain.

FOKUS is an active member in W3C and is participating and contributing in many of its groups like "Web and TV Interest Group", "Second Screen Presentation API Community Group", "TV Control API Community Group", "Web of Things Community Group" and others. FAMIUM, the end-to-end prototype implementation for early technology evaluation and interoperability testing introduced by FOKUS, offers early proof-of-concept implementations for different W3C APIs: FAMIUM Multiscreen components include an implementation of the "Second Screen Presentation API" that works across different devices and platforms. FAMIUM DASH and DRM components offer implementations that enable Adaptive Media Streaming and Encrypted Media Playback in Browser using the W3C MSE and EME APIs. FAMIUM Internet of Things develops different features discussed in the W3C Web of Things Community Group. FAMIUM TV Control Service provides an early implementation of TV Control features based on the requirements developed in the TV Control API.